In Linux, one of the most powerful tools for creating an exact replica of a
drive or partition is
dd. When it comes to backup or migration scenarios,
having an image of your drive can be invaluable. In this article, we'll guide
you through creating an image of a USB drive using
dd, and then mounting that
image to access its contents, ensuring it's a true clone.
1. Creating an Image with
First, ensure the USB drive is properly recognized. We'll assume the drive
/dev/sdb based on our previous interactions.
Step 1: Navigate to the directory where you want to save the image.
Step 2: Use
dd to create an image of the USB drive.
sudo dd if=/dev/sdb of=usb_drive.img bs=4M status=progress
if=/dev/sdb: This specifies the input file, which in this case is our USB drive.
of=usb_drive.img: This is our output file or the name of the image.
bs=4M: Sets the block size to 4 Megabytes to speed up the process.
status=progress: Displays a progress bar while the image is being created.
2. Mounting the Drive Image
Once you have an image, you can mount it directly to access its contents.
Step 1: Create a mount point.
sudo mkdir /mnt/usb_image
Step 2: Attach the image to a loop device. This makes the system treat the file like a block device.
sudo losetup -fP usb_drive.img
Find out which loop device got associated with our image:
losetup -a | grep usb_drive.img
Assuming the image is associated with
/dev/loop0, we proceed.
Step 3: Now, mount the first partition from the image (for example,
sudo mount /dev/loop0p1 /mnt/usb_image
You can navigate to
/mnt/usb_image and verify that the content matches the
original USB drive's content.
Note: If you wish to mount the second partition (NTFS), you'd
After you're done inspecting the contents, it's essential to clean up.
Step 1: Unmount the image.
sudo umount /mnt/usb_image
Step 2: Detach the loop device.
sudo losetup -d /dev/loop0
dd utility provides a straightforward way to create exact replicas of
drives in the form of image files. These images can then be mounted and accessed
like regular file systems, making it incredibly useful for backup, recovery, and
migration scenarios. Always handle
dd with care, as it's a powerful tool that
can overwrite data if misused.
What Can You Do Next 🙏😊
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